鸡胗上的膜也是一味药?可以治疗积食呕吐等疾病

zhangyeqi

2020年10月21日10:10  来源:人民网-科普中国
 

zaiwomenderichangshenghuozhong,jizhenkendinghenduorendouchiguo,baochaojizhen、zaolujizhen、jiangmenjizhen、kaojizhendoushicanzhuoshangchangjiandemeishi。

jizhenqishishijideshanang,keyishuoshijideyizhongwei,qitidaqierouzhijiaohou,fuzechucunhemosuishiwu。youyujimeiyouyachi,suoyichangchangtunshishalichucunzaishanangnei,liyongshanangdezhouzhehefadadejiroulaimosuishiwujinxingxiaohua。womenzaichulijizhendeshihouhuifaxianshangmianyouyicengmo,yibandouhuidiuqi。buyaoxiaoqiaozheicenghuanghuangdemo,taqishishiyiweizhongyao——jitineidehuangjin“jineijin”。yinweiyaoyongxiaoguojijia,suoyiyong“jin”ziguanming。

jineijinweizhikedongwujigallus gallus domesticus brissondeganzaoshanangneibi。shajihou,quchujizhun(yejiushijizhen),lijiboxianeibi(huangsedeyicengmo)、xijing、ganzao。jineijinshizaiyu《shennongbencaojing》shangpindanxiongjixiangxia,muqianbei《zhongguoyaodian》suoshouzai,shengyong、chaoyong、huocuzhiyong。

功效主治

jineijinxingping,weigan,guipi、wei、xiaochang、bangguangjing。juyoujianweixiaoshi,sejingzhiyi,tonglinhuashizhigongxiao。yongyushijibuxiao、outuxieli、xiaoerganji、yiniao、yijing、shilinsetong、danzhangxietong。

对于饮食积滞、小儿疳积,鸡内金消食化积作用较强,又能健运脾胃,可用于米面薯芋乳肉等各种食积证。轻者,单味药研末服用即有效;重者,常与山楂、麦芽等同用。治疗小儿脾虚疳积时,常配白术、山药、使君子等;对于遗尿遗精,能涩精止遗。治疗肾虚遗精,可用鸡内金炒焦研末,温酒送服;结石癥瘕,鸡内金有化坚消石通淋之功,常用于治疗沙淋石淋以及各种原因引起的结石证。

民国名医张锡纯是运用鸡内金治病的高手,在张锡纯的眼里,鸡内金“不但能消脾胃之积,无论脏腑何处有积,鸡内金皆能消之”。

fenxiangyigezhangxichunyunyongjineijinzhibingdegushi。shizhongxun,40suizuoyou,fuzhongyouji,jiuzhierbuyu,bianqingzhangxichunlaizhenzhi。zhangxichunfaxianhuanzhezuoxiechuyouyigezhijingsancundejikuai,moshangquhenying,shichangtengtong,qieeniqiduan,nashao,maichenxian。 yushizhanglaokaifang,yongjineijinsanliang、chaihuyiliang,yanmo,meitianfuyongsanci,yiciyongyiqianban。jingguozhanglaodezhiliao,huanzheshitianhoujiuquanyule。zhangxichunsuozhuanxiede《yixuezhongzhongcanxilu》zhonghaijizaihaojiliyongjineijinzhibingdebingan。

营养成分与现代药理

jineijindeyingyangchengfenzhuyaobaokuodanbaizhi、duotang、anjisuanheweiliangyuansudeng。zuoweizhongyaodexiaoshihuajiyao,danbaizhishiqizhuyaodeyingyangchengfenzhiyi。

xiandaiyaolixueyanjiuzhengshi,jineijinjuyoudiaojieweichangyundong、diaojiexiaohuayefenmi、baohuweinianmo、jiangdixuetangxuezhi、kangdongmaizhouyangyinghua、kangyanghua、yizhijiliushengzhangdengyaolizuoyong。

药师提醒

jineijinjiantangneifu,3~9g;yanmoneifu,meici1.5~3g;huoruwan、san。waiyongshiliang,yanmodiaofuhuoshengtie。jineijinfensuishiyongxiaoguohao。

pixuwuzhizheshenyong。yinweijineijinhuajianxiaoshideliliangbijiaoqiang,ruguozhishipixu,ermeiyouyouxingdejishicunzai,yidingyaoshenzhongshiyong。

gangcongjizhenshangquxialaidejineijin,yaoyongxiaoguoshibuhaode,yaoyongdejineijinbixujingguopaozhicainengfahuiyaoyonggongxiao,yibancongyiyuanyaofanghuoyaodianmailaidejineijindoushipaozhihaode。

zhu:benwenzhongtidaodezhongyaoyufangjijunxuzaiyishengbianzhenglunzhihouanxushiyong,bukeshanzidiaopeifuyong。

作者:上海中医药大学附属光华医院药剂科中药师张叶琪

本文由上海市科普作家协会医疗健康专委会主任委员王韬进行科学性把关。

“达医晓护”供稿

(责编:董菁、李慧博)
 

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