人民网科普中国“我听医生讲科学”栏目

为什么在家和医院测量结果不一样?血压监测应该这样做

liuziruo、hesiyao

2020年10月26日08:21  来源:人民网-科普中国
 

10yue16rixiawu,youzhongguokexiekepubuzhuban、renminwangkepuzhongguolexiangjiankangchengbande“lexiangjiankangdajiangtang”huodongzaijiangsunanjingjuxing。nanjingshijiangbeixinquyangziyiyuanzhongxiyijiehekezhongyishisunyuchongyi“zoujin‘xin’shengming”weiti,xiangdajiaxiangxidijiangshulegaoxueyabingdexiangguanzhishijiqizhiliaofangfa。

高血压的主要危险因素是什么?

gaoxueyashizhiyitixunhuandongmaixueya(shousuoyahuo/heshuzhangya)zenggaoweizhuyaotezheng,duixin、nao、shendengqiguandegongnengyoushizhixingsunhaidelinchuangzonghezheng。

zhenduanbiaozhunshi:shousuoya≥140mmhg,shuzhangya≥90mmhg,(meiguozuixinzhinanjiangcijiangweishousuoya≥130mmhg,shuzhangya≥80mmhg)。

sunyuchongjieshao,gaonadijiashanshishiwoguodaduoshugaoxueyahuanzhefabingdezhuyaoweixianyinsuzhiyi,chaozhonghefeipangyeshigaoxueyahuanbinglvzengzhangdezhongyaoweixianyinsu。ergaoxueyashiyoufanaozuzhongdeweixianyinsu,woguojuminyoupubianquefayesuan,congerdaozhixuetongxingbanguangansuanshuipingzenggao,zheiyehuizengjiagaoxueyahuanzhenaozuzhongfengxian。

高血压有哪些症状及危害?

sunyuchongbiaoshi,daduoshuhuanzheqibinghuanman,quefateshulinchuangbiaoxian。changjianzhengzhuangyou:touyun、toutong、jingxiangbanjin、pilao、xinji;shilimohu、bichuxue;shouleiqiguandezhengzhuangruxiongmen、qiduan、xinjiaotong、duoniaodeng;yijijiangyayaodebuliangfanyingsuozhizhengzhuang。

gaoxueyadaozhidebinglixinggaibianbaokuozuoxinshifeihouhekuozhang,guanzhuangdongmaizhouyangyinghuaheweixueguanbingbian;naoxueguanquexuehebianxing,yixingchengweidongmailiu,fashengnaochuxue,naodongmaizhouyangyinghua,zhouyangbankuaipoliekebingfanaoxueshuanxingcheng;naoxiaodongmaibisaixingbingbian,yinqiqiangxixingnaogengsai;shenxiaoqiuxianweihua、weisuo,yijishendongmaiyinghua;shiwangmoxiaodongmaijingluan、yinghuadeng。

sunyuchongzhichu,gaoxueyadediyigeweihaijiushixinxueguanfengxian。xueyashuipingyuxinxueguanfengxianshiyigelianxude、dulide、zhijiedezhengxiangguanguanxi,jixueyashuipingyuegaoyue,fengxianyueda;xueyashuipingyizhibuhao,duixinxueguanjiuyizhiyousunshang,buxuyaoqitayinsuganyu,jiukeyizhijieduixinxueguanchanshengfengxian。

diergeweihaishinaozuzhong,jinaozhongfeng,zheishiwoguomuqiangaoxueyarenqunzuizhuyaodebingfazheng。xueyakongzhibuhao,zuiyoukenengfashengdejiushizhongfeng,henduozhongfenghuanzhezhongshenbanshenbusui。

jinnianlaiyingaoxueyadaozhideguanxinbingshijiandetongjishujuyoumingxianshangsheng,yejiushishuo,gaoxueyahenyoukenengbuzhihuidaozhizhongfeng,yehuidaozhiguanxinbing。gaoxueyahaikenenghuidaozhixinshuai、zuoxinshifeihou、fangzhandengwenti,dailaibaqiguandesunhai。

血压测量的正确方法是什么?

sunyuchongjianyi,huanzhewulunshiquzhenshi,haishiqushequceliangxueya,zhiyaozaiceliangxueyaqianzouguolu,jiuyaoxianzuowufenzhonghouzaiceliang。yinweihuodongshidexueyahejingxizhuangtaizuoxialaiyihoucedexueyashibutongde。womensuoweidexueyazhizhideshijingxizhuangtaixueya,yijingxizhuangtaixiasuocededexueyazhicanzhaogaoxueyazhenduanbiaozhun,jikezhenduan。suoyi,celiangxueyaqian,xiananjingdezuowufenzhong,dengshentihuifudaoyigejingxizhuangtai,zaiquceliang。

xuyaozhuyideshi,diyiciceliangxuyaoceliangshuangbei,yijiaogaozhiyiceweizhun。celiangxueya1~2fenzhong,zhongfuceliang,quliangcipingjunzhi,ruguoliangcicha5mmhggongzhuyishang,neimejiuyaocedisanci,zaiqupingjunzhi。

laonianrenjitangniaobinghuomouxiejibinghuanzheyichuxiantiweixingdixueya(jizhanzhedeshihouxueyashizhengchangde,danshiyitangxiaxueyajiudi,dabudao90mmhgdao60mmhgdezuidixueyabiaozhun),yinggaiyaojiacezhanlixueya,zhanliweixueyaceliangyingzaiwoweigaiweizhanli3fenzhongneijinxing。

zuihou,sunyuchonghaibiaoshi,zhenshicexueyabunengdaibiaozhengtixueyaqingkuang,yinweiyouxiebingrenshuyu“baidaguagaoxueya”,jikanjianchuanbaidaguaderenjiujinzhang,jingshenjinzhang,xueyazhijiushenggao,danzijihuijiacejiumeiyouwenti。ciwai,jingshengaodujiaolvdehuanzhe,bujianyipinfanzicexueya,zheigexueyahuiyueceyuegao。

高血压的诊断标准及血压控制目标值

sunyuchongzhichu,zhengchangxueyashi120mmhgdao80mmhg,xianzailaishuoshi130mmhgdao80mmhg。yijigaoxueyashishousuoya140~159mmhg,he/huoshuzhangya90~99mmhgweiqingdu;erjigaoxueyashishousuoya160~179mmhg,he/huoshuzhangya100~109mmhgweizhongdu;shousuoyadayudengyu180mmhghe/huoshuzhangyadayu110mmhgjiukeyizhenduansanjigaoxueyale,weizhongdu。

xueyakongzhidemubiaozhiyibanyingxiaoyu140/90mmhg;suishushaoweidademubiaozhizai149mmhgzuoyou;ruguoshihuanyoutangniaobing、manxingshenzangbing、xinlishuaijiehuozheguanxinbinghuanzhe,xueyakongzhimubiaozhixiaoyu130/80mmhg;laonianshousuoqigaoxueyazeshousuoyakongzhiyu150mmhgyixia,ruguonenggounaishoukejiangzhi140mmhgyixia。

专家:南京市江北新区扬子医院中西医、结合科中医师孙彧翀

(责编:刘子若、李慧博)
 

相关新闻

关注人民网微信

视频新闻

热点排行