冬季需要补益调理,不如试试冬令膏方

wangliu lishufang

2020年11月19日08:11  来源:人民网-科普中国
 

ziranjiechunxiaqiudongdeqihou、jieqibianhuaduirentideyingxianghenda,yeshiduofangmiande。ruchunxiajijie,yangqishengfa,qixuequxiangyubiao,coulikaixie,rentirongyihanchu;qiudongzhiji,yangqishouzang,qixuequxiangyuli,rentijifucoulijinmi,hanchushao,shuomingsishiyurentiqixueyunxingbianhuaxiangguan。sishijijiebianhuayumouxiemanxingjibingfashenghefazhanyeyouguanxi,birumanxingzhiqiguanyan、manxingzusaixingfeijibingyijixinnaoxueguanjibingdeng,duozaiqiumodongchuheqihouturanbianhuashifasheng;zaidongchunjijiebianhuazhishi、rentidikanglixiajiang,mouxiexijunbingduqinrurenti,yinqigezhongganranxingjibingdeng。zheijiugaosuwomen,zunxunziranjiechunxiaqiudongsishidebianhuaguilv,diaoshejingshen,dadaoqixueyinyangdexiangduipingheng。yinci,zhongyiyangshengqiangdiaodeshi“tianrenxiangying”,“tianrenheyi”。yinshiqijuyuziranqihoujijiexiangying,genjugerentizhishishifuyongdiaojieqixuezhiji,jiuzhengrentishihengzhuangtai,dadao“yinpingyangmi”。ziranguilvzhongqiushoudongzang,duiyingrenti,dongjiyeshirentijingqijinxingbuyichuzangdezuijiashijie。suhuashuo,“donglingjinbu,laichundahu”jiushidongtianyaojijijinxingbuyi、diaolishenti,lainiandikanglizengjia,cujinshentikangfu。neidongjiruhejinbuni?chuleyinshidiaoli,yaowujiupianwai,zhongyiyangshengzhonggengweizhongyaodejiaosejiushigaofangyangsheng。jintianwomenjiugendajialaitantandonglinggaofang。

膏方是什么?

gaofangyouchengjiangao,“gao”ziyou“runze”zhiyi,youyinweigaofangyou“yingyangwuzangliufuzhikuzaoxuruozhe”dezuoyong,suchenggaozi。zhongyigaofangyuanyuanliuzhang,zaizhanguoshiqide《huangdineijing》zhongjiuyougaofangdejizai。gaofangjingguolidaizhongyiyijiabuduanshijian、buduanchuangxinyanzhi,yijingchengweixiandaizhongyilinchuangfangzhijibingdeyouxiaoshouduan,yeshixianzai“zhiweibing”dezhongyaoshouduan。《huangdineijing》youyun:“dongsanyue,ciweibizang……cidongqizhiying,yangzangzhidaoye。”yiweidongjishengjiqianfu,wanwuzhezang,ruchongshouzhefu、shuyediaoluo。zaidongji,wanwujingqineizang,rentizuoweiziranjieyoujihuanjingzhongdeyibufen,yishiruci。《shiji·taishigongzixu》:“fuchunshengxiazhang,qiushoudongzang,citiandaozhidajingye。”。《huangdineijing》gengyou“chunxiayangyang,qiudongyangyin”zhishuofa。dongjijingqidechuzangshicinianchunriyangqishengfa、shengzhangdeneizaijichu。donglingjinshigaofang,shunshierwei,youliyubajinghuawuzhichucunyutinei,zengjiajitijing、qi、xuedechubei,zengqiangjitikangbingquxiedenengli,yejiushishuo“zhengqicunnei,xiebukegan”,yeshizhongyizhibingzhongqiangdiaode“buzhiyibingzhiweibing”。congerjianshaodongchunjijieganranxingjibingfasheng,jianqingmanxingjibingdefazhandeng。

yibangaofangfenweiliangdalei:chengfanggaofanghegetigaofang。chengfanggaofangshizhenduiyiqunrenjinxingtongyipeifang,tongyiliuchengaozhichenggao,jixingguding,piliangshengchan,ruqiongyugao、bazhengao、chuanbeipipagaodeng,linchuangyoujiaohaoliaoxiao,yebeixuduolaobaixingjieshoushiyong。getigaofangyoujuyoufengfulinchuangjingyandezhongyiyishigenjuhuanzhebingqingqingkuang,jingguobianzhenglunzhi,jingxinzuzhifangyaozucheng,jingjiagongjigoujingxinjiagongercheng。zheizhongliangshendingzhidegetigaofangliaoxiaoqueqie,nengqidaofangbingzhibing、yannianyishoudezuoyong,zheizhongyeshidonglingxuanzezuiduodegaofang。getigaofangshigenjujibingtedianhegetitizhitedianjingxinxuanquzhongyaoyinpianhegaodangyaocai,zaijiashangjiaoleihetangleiyijiqidaodiaoligongnengdeshipindeng,jingguojinpao、jianzhu、guolv、nongsuo、shougaodenggongxuzhibeiercheng。zibuyinpianyouyiqi、buxue、yangyinhuowenyangdenggongneng,changjianyinpianyourencan、huangqi、danggui、shudi、maidong、gouqidengdeng。duizhengyaoshizhenduihuanzhedangshizhuyaobingzhengdeyaowu,jianguqubinghezibu。jiaoleiyizezaizhibeiguochengzhongshougaoshiyong,lingzejuyouzibuzuoyong,ruajiaoyangxuezhixue、ziyinrunfei,lujiaojiaokewenshenzhuyang、shengjingbusuideng。tangleizhuyaoweilegaishankougan,lingwaikebuzhonghuanji。gaofangjuyouyaowunongdugao,suoxufuyongjiliangshao,fuyongchucunfangbiandengyoudian。suizhedazhongdeyangshengbaojianyishidezengqiang,donglinggaofangyeyuelaiyueshoudaodazhongqinglai。

膏方有什么作用?

1、gaofangzhongzaidiaoyang,erfeizhiji,zuoyonghuanman。xuduorenzaifuyonggaofangshiqiwangdadaoyaodaobingchudeshenxiao,duiciyouzhuduowujie,biru“weihewochilegaofangzhihougenyiqianxiangbibingwuchabie”、“weihechilegaofangbingzhengqueweijianhaozhuan”……gaofangzhizailiyongzheiyiteshudezhongyaojixingfahui“runwuxiwusheng”dediaoyangzuoyong,qizuoyonghehuan,bingfeiliganjianying,suoyixuyaozhangqijianchifuyong,xuxutuzhi。

2、buyiweizhu。gaofangzhongfenliangzuizhongdeshibuyiyao,zuizhuyaodezuoyongshibuxuqiangshen,fuzhengguben。lingwaijiayongyixieyunpihuashidezhongyaofuzhuyaowuyunhuayifangaiwei。buyishizhenduixusuneryan,yajiankangrenqun、lihuanzhangqimanxingjibingderenqun、laonianrenhetizhixuruozhedouyoubutongchengdudexusun。gaofangkegenjuqixueyinyangdexusunchengdubutongertouyibutongdebuyiyao。

3、zhongzaidiaolipingheng,yidadaoyinpingyangmi。zhongyililunrenwei,rendeshengminghuodongyiyinyangzangfuqixueweijichu,yinyangzangfuqixuepinghengzetijian,shihengzebingsheng。yajiankanghejibingdefashengguigenyutineiqixueyinyangshiheng。gaofangkeyiliyongzhongyaodepianxinglaijiuzhengrentiqixueyinyangdeshiheng,dadao“yinpingyangmi”,zhubuxiangyu。

服用膏方有何禁忌?

shouxian,fuyonggaofangshiyaojishengleng、youni、xinladengnanxiaohuahuocijixingqiangdeshiwu。tongshigenjubutongtizhihebutongdechufang,duishiwudejikouyingyousuobutong:ruhanrencan、xiyangcandengdegaofangjishiluobu;yangxutizhizhe,jishipangxie、guaguodenghanxingshiwu;yinxutizhizhe,jinshiniuyangrou、congjiangsuandengwenrezhipin。

qici,zaifuyonggaofangqijian, ruofashengganmao、fare、kesou、futongfuxiehuojixingjibingshi, yaojishitingzhifuyong,yinweicishishuyuwaixieqinru,xieqijiaoweikangshengshi,weifangzhi“bimenliukou”,bimiangaofangzibuzhuxie。

zuihouqiangdiaoyixia,youyujibingbingjiqianbianwanhua、rentitizhiyeyoujieduanxingchayi,bukezixingjuedingchangnianleiyuebugenggaofangfuyong,lingwai,fuyonggaofangqijianruchuxianbushiyaojishijiuzhenhediaozhengfangyao。

哪些人群适宜服用膏方?

gaofangkeyiyingyongyugezhongmanxingjibinghuanzhezhong,duiyuyajiankangrenqun、shoushuhouhuifuqiyijigetitizhipianpozheyeshiyifuyonggaofang。

1、manxingjibingrenqun:zaidongjilailinzhiji,henduoxuyaozhangqifuyaodemanxingjibingrenqunxuanzefuyonggaofang。youyuzheileirenquntizhijiaoweiguding,qifuyongdegaofangkegenjuzishentizhihejibingdexuyao,zhezhongxiangjibingqingxie,tigaogaofangzhongzhenduibingzhengdeyaoliang。xuyaoqiangdiaodeshi,duiyuzheibufenrenquneryan,fuyonggaofangbingfeizhijiezuoyongyujibingbenshen,ershizhezhongbuxupeiyuan,fuzhengguben,zengqiangrentizhengqihekangbingnengli。gubunengyigaofangwanquandaitizhangqidexiyizhiliao。

2、shoushuhouhuifuqirenqun:shoushubenshenhaoshangqixue,shuhouyiduanshijianhuanzheduorentixuruo、qixuebuzu,xuyaodiaoli,buchongqixue,huifujingqishen,gaofangbushiweiyizhonghenhaodebuyishouduan。genjuhuanzheshuhouxusunchengduhehezhongwuzhikuisun,yuyihelipeizhizhongyaoyinpian,zhichenggaofang,huifutili,keyishoudaojiaohaoliaoxiao。

3、yajiankangzhuangtairenqun:yajiankangrenqunshichuyujiankangyujibingzhijiandeyileirenqun。xianrujin,youyushenghuojiezoukuai、gongzuoyalidayijibujiankangdeshenghuoxiguan,daozhicileirenqundafudushangzhang。gaofangkejishidiaozhengqixueyinyangshiheng,shirentihuifudaozuijiazhuangtai。

4、zhonglaonianrenjitizhixuruozhe:suizhenianlingdezengzhang,shenglijinengzhubutuihua。yincizhonglaonianrenhetizhixuruozhekezaidonglingjinbugaofang,yidadaoyishouyannian,fangzhishuailaodemude。

哪些人群不适宜服用膏方?

gaofangjuyoulianghaodeyangshengbaojian,fangbingzhibingdezuoyong,danbingbushirenrenjunkefuyonggaofang。yixiarenqunbushiyifuyonggaofang。

1、meiyoujibingdeqingzhuangnian:zhongyaogeyoupianxing,ruobenshenbucunzaiqixueyinyangshiheng、bushizhengzhuanghejibing,mangmufuyonggaofangfanerhuidapoyuanyoupingheng,yinqibushi。

2、tizhijiankangdexiaoer:henduojiazhangyangshengbaojianzhixinguosheng,jihaizijinshigaofang。yifangmianxiaoerpiweixuruo,gaofangduoweizinizhipin,yizuzhipiweiqiji,zhishitanshineisheng、shiyubujia。lingyifangmian,mangmujinshigaofangkenenghuidaozhixingzaoshu。

3、qita:geleijibingdejixingfazuoqi,ruxiaochuanjixingfazuoqi、manxingzusaixingfeijibingjixingfazuoqi,guanxinbingbuwendingqi,gaoxueyaweidedaolianghaokongzhishijunbunengmangmufuyonggaofang。

xiaotieshi:

(yi) fuyongfangfa:

1、yibanyikongfufuyong, 1ri2ci,meici1~2shao。wenkaishuihuakaihoufuyonghuozhijiekouzhongqinhua。donglinggaofangpianzibu,fuyongjiliangyingzunxunzhubudizengdeyuanze,youshaozhiduo,yishipiweizhubushiying。

2、duiyupiweiyunhuagongnengbujia、tanshizuzhihuobingqingbuwendingdehuanzhe,jianyixianfuyongkailufang1~2zhou。

(er)fuyonggaofang“liangyuanze”

1、“yirenyifang”yuanze:butongderenyouyutizhi、qixueyinyangshihengdexingzhihechengdubutong,qianyaozufangyebujinxiangtong,xuzunxunyirenyifang。

2、“guoyoubuji”yuanze:yaozhengquekandaibufa。gaofangyeshiyao,gejupianxing。bukexiaobingdabu,gengbunengzaimeiyouxusundeqingkuangxialanbu。

本文由上海中医药大学附属曙光医院内科主任医师熊旭东进行科学性把关。

“达医晓护”供稿

(责编:刘子若、李慧博)
 

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