如何守护“来自星星的孩子”?家长的作用至关重要

zhangxiaowen

2020年11月25日08:18  来源:人民网-科普中国
 

“yishanyishanliangjingjing,mantiandoushixiaoxingxing,guazaitiankongfangguangming......”zheiyishouergexiangbidajiadouershunengxiang,gequzhongwubuliuluchuhaizidetongzhen,yufumuyiqikuailechengzhang。raner,youyileihaiziquewufatihuidaowomenyingzaochudekuaileqifen,tamenfangfoshenghuozaizijideshijieli,buyuanyurenjiaoliu,huibitarenmuguang,buyurenjiejin,buyuanjiaoliu,buyilianfumudeng,ruchuxianyishangqingkuang,jiazhangmenkeyaodangxinle,zheiyangdehaizi,kenengshi“laizixingxingdehaizi”,yejiushiwomenchangshuodezibizhenghuozheguduzhenghuaner。

zibizheng,shiyizhongjuyoulinchuangduoyangxingde,yifayuzhangai,yishejiaozhangai、zhongfukebanxingweijixiazhaixingquweizhuyaolinchuangtezhengdejibing。jushiweizuzhitongji,zhongguozibizhenghuanerdezongshuyuewei60~180wanren,zibizhengyijingchengweiertongjingshenleidezhongyaojibing, suizhefabinglvdezhunianshenggao, zhengzaijijiatingheshehuidailaizhongdadeshehuitiaozhanhejingjifudan。

自闭症是什么?

zibizhengqueqiedebingyinmuqianshangbuqingchu,guowaibushaoyanjiurenwei,ertongzibizhengdefabingyuanyinyuyichuan、jiatingjiegoutezheng、shehuixinliyingxiang、shenglijichugaibian、shengwuhuaxuedengyinsukenengyouguan。

zibizhengdefabingjiaoweiyinbi,zaoqiburongyifaxian。neijiazhangruhepanduanhaizishifouhuanyouzibizheng?

1、yuyanzhangai。

zibizhengdezhongyaozhengzhuangshiyuyanyujiaoliuzhangai,yeshidaduoshuzibizhenghuanerqianlaijiuzhendezhuyaoyuanyin。duoshuzibizhengertongtongchangzai2~3suishirengranbunengshuohua,huozhezaizhengchangshuohuahouchuxianyuyannenglidedaotui,mingxiancunzaiyuyanfayuyanchihuozhangai,duiyuyuyandeshiyongzhujianjianshao,shenzhiwanquansangshi。

2、xingquaihaodanyihekebandezhongfuxingweimoshi。

zibizhenghuanerduiyixierichangshenghuozhongdeshiwuyouzhedutedeaihao,kenenghuihuajigexiaoshiyidongbudongquguanchayigexiaobandeng,huozhekanzheyigeyaohuangdeshuyejiujiubunenglikai,sihaobujuedeyanjuanfanerduiyuzhengchangertongsuoxiaideyouxi、wanjudoubuganxingqu,bingqieduiyurichanghuodongchengxuyouzheguzhidexiguan,ruchumenshijian、chifanshunxu,xingzouluxiandeng,ruozheixiehuodongbeidaduanhuobeigaibian,huanerhuibiaoshichufeichangmingxiandejinzhang,jiaolv,buyukuaiqingxu,shenzhichuxianfankang,darendengguojixingwei。huanerkeyouzhongfudekebandongzuo,ruzhuanquan,paishou,diantoudeng。

3、shejiaozhangai。

zibizhenghuanerwufayutarenjianlizhengchangderenjiguanxi。younianshijibiaoxianchuyutarennanyimuguangduishi,biaoqinglengmo,buyuanyufumuyongbao,yewuxiangshoudaoaifushidekuailebiaoqing,shenzhiduifumuhebierendeyongbao、fumobiaoshijujue。duidairenherendoushitongyigetaidu,bufenqinshu。bunengyufumujianlizhengchangdeyilianguanxi,nanyiyutonglingertongzhijianjianlizhengchangdehuobanguanxi。

自闭症有哪些危害?

1、yingxiangyuyangongneng。

zhongsuozhouzhi,zhengchangertongchuyu2~3suizheigeshiqishixuexikouyudezuijiashiqi,zheigeshiqiertongshenjingxitongjinyibuwanshan、renzhishuipingjinyibufazhan,rentikaishijinrenyigexindefazhanqi,ranerzheigeshiqishizibizhengertongdefabingqi,kenenghuichuxianzhongfutiwenzhewentidehuida,bingqiedafeisuowen。

2、yingxiangshenjinggongneng。

youyanjiubiaoming,zibizhengyidanfabing,haizideshenjingfayujiuhuichuxiantingzhi。jishideganyuhezhiliaokeyigaishanhuanerdeshenjingfayuqingkuang。

3、chanshenggongjixingxingwei。

zibizhengdehuanershihuozaizijideshijielimian,nanyiyuqitarenganqinggongtong,zaiyijianfenqichanshengshikenengnanyikongzhizijideqingxuerchanshenggongjixingdexingwei。

自闭症应该如何治疗?

guanyuzibizhengdezhiliaoshangyijiaoyuganyuweizhuyaoshouduan,yaowuzhiliaoweifuzhushouduan,duizibizhenghuanerdejiaoyuyuxingweitujingjinxingganyuxunlian,yicipeiyanghuanerdulishengcunnengli,jinkenengrongrushehui,shizhijuyoudulishenghuo,xuexidengnengli。jiazhangzaizhiliaozhongqidaozhiguanzhongyaodezuoyong,jiatinggongtongcanyuganyucuoshikemingxiangaishanzibizhenghuanerdebingqing,rujiazhangshishiyindaojiaoyu,zhurujinxingyuyanyouxi,goutongxunlian,shifanshenghuozhongderichangxingwei,bingqiehuanermofangwanchenghoujijiyuyikending,jifaqihuanerduiyuyuyanjishehuishenghuoxingweidexingqu,congerzhengqueyindaohuaneryibubushiyingshehui,yibubuhuodedulishenghuodenengli。

lingwai,yinlezhiliaoyebeizhengshiyouzheyidingdeliaoxiao,zaiyinledehuanjingxia,huanerkeyigenghaodehuanjiejiaolv,jizhongzhuyiliyujiaqiangyuyanbiaoda。yaowuzhiliaofangmian,muqianquefahexinzhenduiyaowu,zhuyaoyikongzhihuanerjiaolvqingxu,yichangxingweiweizhu,kexuanyongkangyiyuleiyaowu,kangjingshenbingleiyaowudeng。suoyi,ruguohaizichuxianyishangdewenti,jiazhangmenkeqianwanbunengxiedai,zhuajinshijianquzhengguiyiyuanjiuzhen,jijizhiliao,rangwomengongtongshouhulaizixingxingdehaizi! 

本文由上海中医药大学附属曙光医院儿科副主任医师沈健进行科学性把关

“达医晓护”供稿

(责编:刘子若、李慧博)
 

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